Quick Answer: Does The Third Shell Have 8 Or 18 Electrons?

Why don’t we put 18 electrons in a third shell as it has the capacity of 18 electrons?

The 3rd subshell consists of an s orbital , a set of (3)p orbitals and a set of (5)d orbitals.

Each orbital holds 2 electrons and you will indeed find that you can fir 18 electrons in.

This is because it is the maximum capacity of the 3rd shell and it doesn’t tell about the order in which the electrons are filled..

Why are electrons shells?

Electrons in shells Electrons in atoms occupy energy levels, also called electron shells, outside the nucleus . Different shells can hold different maximum numbers of electrons. The electrons in an atom occupy the lowest available energy level first. This is the shell nearest the nucleus.

Does calcium have a full outer shell?

Yes, calcium is defined as a metal because of both its physical and chemical traits. They all have an outer shell with two electrons and are very reactive. Those elements in the second column have two electrons ready to make compounds. It shouldn’t surprise you that calcium has a valence of 2.

Does L shell always have 8 electrons?

The L shell only holds eight electrons. The M shell only holds eight electrons. The M shell can actually hold up to 18 electrons as you move to higher atomic numbers.

What is the 2 8 8 rule in chemistry?

There is a 2-8-8 rule for these elements. The first shell is filled with 2 electrons, the second is filled with 8 electrons, and the third is filled with 8. You can see that sodium (Na) and magnesium (Mg) have a couple of extra electrons. They, like all atoms, want to be happy.

Can two electrons be in the same shell?

The state of a system is completely described by a complete set of quantum numbers. … The Pauli exclusion principle says that no two electrons can have the same set of quantum numbers; that is, no two electrons can be in the same state. This exclusion limits the number of electrons in atomic shells and subshells.

How many electrons are allowed in the 4th Shell?

Search formShellSubshellTotal Number of Electrons in Shell1st Shell1s22nd Shell2s, 2p2 + 6 = 83rd Shell3s, 3p, 3d2 + 6 + 10 = 184th Shell4s, 4p, 4d, 4f2 + 6 + 10 + 14 = 32

Why are shells named KLMN?

The names of the electron shells come from a fellow named Charles G. Barkla, a spectroscopist who studied the X-rays that are emitted by atoms when they are hit with high energy electrons. … This innermost shell is now called the K-shell, after the label used for the X-ray.

Why does scandium have 9 electrons in the third shell?

Scandium is the first element of the period table where electron configurations start getting a little wild. … Every element adds one more electron to the outermost shell. Instead of having three electrons in the outer shell, scandium adds its electron to the second to last shell. The electron configuration is 2-8-9-2.

Why can the second energy shell only hold 8 electrons?

Because the first shell can only hold a maximum of 2 electrons, the third electron must go into the second shell. … The 2s subshell holds a maximum of 2 electrons, and the 2p subshell holds a maximum of 6 electrons. This means that the second shell can hold a maximum of eight electrons (2+6=8).

Can the third Shell hold 18 electrons?

Each shell can contain only a fixed number of electrons: The first shell can hold up to two electrons, the second shell can hold up to eight (2 + 6) electrons, the third shell can hold up to 18 (2 + 6 + 10) and so on. … The general formula is that the nth shell can in principle hold up to 2(n2) electrons.

Why can the third energy level hold 18 electrons?

Electrons in this orbital are called s electrons and have the lowest energy of any electrons in that principal energy level. … The five d orbitals can hold up to 10 electrons. Thus, the third level holds a maximum of 18 electrons: 2 in the s orbital, 6 in the three p orbitals, and 10 in the five d orbitals.

Can an atom make 8 bonds?

The ability to use the d subshell is what makes it possible for atoms to go beyond the octet, and it’s also why atoms up to the second period cannot do that. For that same reason, six or seven bonds are possible, and Xenon can form 8 covalent bonds in the compound XeO4!

Why do atoms want 8 electrons?

Row 3 elements on the left lose electrons to gain a full outer shell, elements on the right usually gain electrons to have 8 electrons in their outer shell. The basis of the octet rule is that atoms ‘want’ a full outer shell of electrons, i.e. they are most stable with a full outer shell.

Why can sulfur have more than 8 electrons?

Its structure is Here the sulfur atom has six electron pairs in its valence shell. An atom like phosphorus or sulfur which has more than an octet is said to have expanded its valence shell. This can only occur when the valence shell has enough orbitals to accommodate the extra electrons. … An octet would be 3s23p6.

Why is 3rd shell 8 or 18?

The third shell of an atom has 18 electrons only not 8 electrons. You might be confused because first the electrons of 4s are filled and then the 10 electrons of 3d shells are filled. They are filled because of the n-l rule. … So after filling the 3s and 3p subshell with 8 electrons, the next shell to fill is the 4s one.

Why does calcium only have 8 electrons in the third shell?

This principle states that, “Electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. In this way, the electrons of an atom or ion form the most stable electron configuration possible.” … This is the reason for Calcium to have a configuration of 2,8,8,2 instead of 2,8,10.

Why are there 32 electrons in the 4th Shell?

In my textbook, it says that the maximum number of electrons that can fit in any given shell is given by 2n². This would mean 2 electrons could fit in the first shell, 8 could fit in the second shell, 18 in the third shell, and 32 in the fourth shell.

Why outermost shell Cannot have more than 8 electrons?

The shells of an atom cannot accommodate more than 8 electrons, even if it has a capacity to accommodate more electrons. This is a very important rule called the Octet rule. According to this rule, atoms gain, loose or share electrons to achieve the stable configuration similar to the nearest noble gas.

What is the highest occupied energy level?

What is it meant by the highest occupied energy level in an atom? The highest occupied energy level in an atom is the electron-containing main energy level with the highest number.

Which sublevel has the highest energy?

Number of electrons per sublevelEnergy LevelSublevelsMaximum Number of Electrons per Energy Level1s22s8p3s186 more rows